Cantaloupe-is probably the most popular melon in the United States. It is often called a muskmelon. The khaki colored skin has green undertones that ripen to yellow or cream. The orange color of its flesh comes from beta carotene, a substance thought to protect against cancer and is also converted to Vitamin A in the body as needed. Cantaloupes may be football shaped or spherical and will have a flowery fragrance when ripe.

Casaba- is pale yellow when ripe. This large melon has deep wrinkles that gather at the stem end. The flesh is white and sweet. Skin color is the best clue to ripeness. Unlike other melons, it has no aroma.

Crenshaw-is a hybrid between a casaba and a Persian melon. The oblong Crenshaw can weigh up to ten pounds! It has a buttercup yellow rind and dense salmon colored flesh. The flavor is both sweet, and spicy.

Honeydew-is the sweetest of all melons when it is ripe. The average weight is 5 to 6 pounds. The flesh is a pale green while it has a creamy white or creamy yellow rind. Choose a large melon for best flavor.

Persian melon-closely resemble cantaloupe except that it is slightly larger and the rind is greener. They are particularly susceptible to bruising. Watch out for soft or dark patches, sunken spots, or discolored areas of the rind.

Santa Claus melons-are also called Christmas melons because it peaks in December. It resembles a small watermelon with green and gold stripes. It is usually about a foot long with a crisp flesh that is not as sweet as other melons.